All major religions have their creation stories. All of them, should be taken metaphorically, rather than a detailed history. They were simply written for people to understand the world around them and be taught spiritual truths. Since Galileo, Copernicus, Darwin, and Kepler made our universe and world’s creation a bit more complicated, we should move further away from creationism.
The Big Bang
At one point, the universe was together in one entity and “exploded,” in a single moment. Calculations say it happened around 14 billions years ago. This particle was a infinitely dense, dimensionless point of pure energy. That everyone, religious or not, should agree on. St. Augustine says that we should not mix the Bible with a scientific article, it should be seen as a moral play.
Before the Big Bang
So what happened before the Big Bang? Nobody knows. To me, the Big Bang requires a supernatural response. I cannot see how nature created itself. St. Thomas Aquinas proposed a certain proof of types, which simply kept asking what happened before that, to each step. Eventually he said, everything boiled down to something outside of nature: God.
More Evidence for God
After the Big Bang, Anti-Matter and Matter were made in unequal amounts. Why? It is more natural for it to be created in equal amounts, but this would cause all matter to disappear, leaving only radiation. If the rate of expansion after the Big Bang was smaller by even one part in 100 thousand million million, the unibverse would have collapsed and nothing would exist. Also, if the strong nuclear force holding together protons and neutrons would have been only slightly weaker, only hydrogen could have formed, never allowing for life. Also, the universe after the Bang cooled off at a perfect rate: had it been faster, no elements could form. Even Stephen Hawking says, “The odds against a universe like ours emerging are enormous. I think there are clearly religions implications. I think it would be very difficult to explain why the universe began how it did except as the act of a God who intended to create beings like us.”
This leaves us with 3 options:
1.) There are infinite numbers of universes, with different physical constrains. Ours is not miraculous, only an unusual product of trial and error.
2.) There is only one universe, we are just very, very, very lucky.
3.) There is only one universe and the conditions that arose reflect the action of a “creator,” revealing himself through the Big Bang.
Clearly 2 is the least plausible/rational. Number 1 fails Occam’s Razor (the best answer is the simplest one) and is almost incredible, the only one left is 3. If one is willing to accept that the Big Bang required a creator, then it is not a quantum leap to believe that the same creator set up the physical parameters to accomplish a goal: a universe. We must note, that science may reveal more answers, but at this point, I say we go with what we got. Just a side note: which is less crazy: a particle outside space time or a god outside of spacetime? Neither is particularly appealing, but based on the above, I say the later is the best option. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle indicates that any initial configuration of matter in the universe is impossible to be certain.
If God exists, He is supernatural.
If He is supernatural, He is not governed by natural laws.
If He is not governed by natural laws, time does not affect Him.
His not affected by time, He is past present and future.
He could exist before the Big Bang and could exist after the universe disappears.
He could know the pricise outcome of the formation of the universe before it began
He could know of a small planet that could harbor life.
He could know that the planet could support intelligent life through the mechanism of evolution by natural selection.
He could know that the thoughts and acts of that life could not be governed due to free will.
I wil explain more about this in the days to come, but this is a good baseline.